Rise of the Rana Regime

1. Instable Politics of Nepal
After the demise of Prithvi Narayan Shah, his son Pratap Singh ascended the throne. But he expired only after two years nine months in his office. After him his son, Rana Bahadur Shah, at the age of three ascended the throne. Then after, political instability started in Nepal.

2. Series of murder
After the murder of Mathbar Singh Thapa, Chautaria Fatte Jung became the Prime Minister of Nepal. However, Gagan Singh was the powerful person in the court because he was the favourite person of the Queen Rajjya Laxmi. On the night of 31st Bhadra, 1903 B.S. Gagan Singh was mysteriously murdred. On the same nioght there was an assembly to find out the murder. That turned out into the court massacre popularly known as Kot Parva.

3. Three massacre (Parvas)
Kot Parva(Court massacre) was the first through which Janga Bahadur became th ePrime Minister and the chief of Nepalese army. On 17th Kartik 1903 Bhandar Khal Parva was occurred through which Junga Bahadur Rana exiled the king and the queen to Banaras. The third was Alau Parva through which Junga Bahadur Rana charged the king of treason and kept him undr house arrest and his son Surendra was formally declared the king. Then Janga Bahadur became the powerful Prime Minister of Nepal.

4. Marital relations with the royal family:
Janga Bahadur married the sister of Fatte Jung. He got Surendra married to the daughter of his brother, Krishna Bahadur. The two sons of Janga Bahadur Jagat jung and Jeet Jung were married to the daughter of King Surendra. Later his two daughters were married to the crown prince Trailokya. This relationship of marriage not only enhanced his glory but also made him a powerful Prime Minister.

5. Royal Seal of 24th Srawan 1913
After king Surendra awarded the title of Shree 3 Maharaja of Kaski and Lamjung to Junga Bahadur Rana, he became the most powerful person, resulting the strong foundation of the Rana regime. He started the autocratic rule in the name o giving stability in Nepal which was very weak due to the numerous bloodsheds.

Causes of the Fall of Rana regime

1. Family feud
In the life time of Janga Bahadur Rana, attempts were made to oust him from the power. But all suh attempts were in vain. After his death in 1938, the sons of his brothers terminated his sons and made a new order of succession that ultimately made the sons of Dhir Shamsher the most powerful ones.

2. Exclusion of “C” class Ranas
Chandra Shamsher initiated the division of class within the Rana family on the basis of marriage. This action planted the sense of dissatisfaction and animosity among the Ranas family members. Juddha Shamsher not only abolished ‘C’ class Ranas from the succession but also banished them from the country. This made the ‘C class Ranas opponent of the Rana regime.

3. Anti Rana movement
The anti Rana movement was germinated right from the time of Janga Bahadur Rana. After the end of First World War, the anti-Rana voices were raised but Chandra Shamsher suppressed the movement. The voices against Rana regime were surfaced in the form of Makai Parva, Arya smaj, etc. After 1987 B.S. Charkha Prachar, Prachanda Gorkha, Mahabir School, library episode, Praja Parisad, Jayatu sanskritum were some examples of anti-Rana movements.

4. Abandonment of throme by King Tribhuvan
In 2007 B.S, king Tribhuvan abandoned the royal palace and took asylum to Indian Embasy. This brought the anti-Rana movement to the climax. On 7th Falgun 2007 B.S, Nepal was declared a democratic country and the Rana regime came to end.


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