Rai caste is one of listed ethnic group of Nepal. According to National census of 2001 its population is 635,751. Rai people are mostly live in far Eastern part of Nepal. Densely Rai populated district of Nepal are: Khotang, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udaypur, Okhaldhunga.
Rai people speak their own mother language ‘Rai’. It is the most notable point is that, in Rai people there are several sub-caste among them and they have their own specific language each sub-caste and its totally different from each others language. They also speak Nepali (National Language of Nepal) and educated Rai people speak excellent English.
Rai people follow their own religion ‘Kirant’. They take Falgunanda as their founder of religion. But still in some of the Rai community practices, Hindu religion knowingly or unknowingly. Mostly the Rai people feel proud to say Kirant to them.
Rai people celebrate several festivals in deference season. The most famous festival of Rai is Udhauli/Uvauli falls in Mangsir and Baisakh. Rai people celebrate this festival around one week. They celebrate this festival gathering and dancing (the name dance is ‘Chandi Naach’). They see their relatives and friends in this time. However, Rai people celebrate many more other festivals too. Like; Dhasain and Tihar (it is the main festival of Hindu), Chaite Dhasain, Saune Sankranti etc.
Rai peoples’ main occupation is agriculture. And also young Rai try to be British Army (Gurkha). Most of the Young Rai at least tries once to be selected in British army in their life. But these days they are engaged in different occupation. Like, teaching, public administrator, tourism Industry. Some Rai people follow business, official job, and go to abroad employment.
Sub-caste in Rai:
There are more than 30 sub-castes in Rai Caste. These are the major sub-castes of Rai; Bantawa, Sampang, Thulung, Kulung, Khaling, Wambule, Chamling, Sotang, Nachhiring etc.