Tuesday, July 13, 2010

GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF GURUNG CASTE

Gurung is one of the major Indigenous ethnic groups of Nepal. According to Nepal National census of 2001, its population is 543,571 (it is the 2.39% of total population of Nepal. Gurung is also called 'Tamu'. Gurung caste densely lives in western part of Nepal. The densely Gurung populated district are; Kaski, Lamjun, Gorkha, Syanja, Mustang, Tanahun, Dolpa. But, Gurung people live each and every parts of Nepal may be that more or less from west to east and Himal to Terai.

Language:

Gurung people speak their own mother language 'Gurung'. Gurung language is based on Bhot-Barmeli language. It is very similar to the Tamang language. More than 60% language matches between Tamang and Gurung. They fluently speak Nepali (National Language of Nepal) and educated Gurung people speak excellent English.

Religion:

Gurung people follow Bouddha religion. But still there is in practice Bon Religion. Mostly the Gurung people feel proud to say Buddhist to them. They go to Gumba (Buddhist Monastery) and pray to their God Buddha. They follow the Buddhist customs in their social activities. They invite to Lama in their birth ceremony and cremation. Lamas give name to new birth child according to their religious book. Their culture is closely related with Tamang, Sherpa.

Festivals:

Lhochhar is main festival of Gurung. In the Gurung Language 'Lho' means Year and 'Chhar' means New. According to terminology Lhochhar means 'New Year'. Gurung people celebrate this festival around one month. This festival falls in month of Falgun (February). They celebrate this festival gathering and dancing. In the occasion of this festival they make tasty food and they eat in group. They see their relatives and friends in this time. However, Gurung people celebrate many more other festivals. Like; Dhasain and Tihar (it is the main festival of Hindu), Chaite Dhasain, Saune Sankranti etc. The 'RHODI' culture is most famous in the Gurung.

Occupation:

Gurung peoples' main occupation is still agriculture. Gurung caste is also very famous for Gurkha Soldier and Indian Soldier. And they are also good position in the Nepal Army. Nepal Army Chief Chhatra Man Gurung is also from the Gurung community. In this sense we can say Gurung people have the strong military power in their caste. But these days divers occupation they follow. Gurung people are also involved in Tourism Industry. Famous trekking destination Annapurna region is also full of Gurung People. Ghale Gaun and Siru bari is very famous Gurung community managed touristic village. Some people follow business, official job, and go to abroad employment in these days.

Sub-caste in Gurung:

There are several sub-caste in Gurung. Like; Ghale, Lama, Ghotane, Lamichhane etc.

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